The Port of Gdańsk is divided into two areas. The first is the Inner Port, situated along the Dead Vistula, and the port channel. The other is the Outer Port, located in Gdańsk Bay.
We are a universal port, and we can handle all types of goods. This includes containers, automotive products, liquid fuels, dry bulk, and chemical goods. In addition, we are a port without limitations. This is due to our 17-metre deep deepwater fairway, thanks to which we can accommodate the largest vessels with a draft of up to 15 metres; the lack of tides results in a constant water depth, and the lack of ice allows the port to be open all year.
The Port of Gdańsk is the only Baltic port that supports direct container connections with China. For Asia, we are a marine gateway to the markets of Central and Eastern Europe, the most dynamically developing region of the European Union. Many international transport corridors begin and end at the Port of Gdańsk.
The area of the Inner Port contains: container terminal, ferry-passenger and RO-RO terminal, quays for loading and unloading passenger cars, citrus fruits, sulphur or fertilisers. The Inner Port is optimised for handling conventional general cargo and bulk goods (metallurgical products, heavy cargo, oversized cargo, cereals, artificial fertilisers, ores or coal).
The Outer Port comprises 4 piers: fuel pier, coal pier, LPG pier and ore pier, as well as the DCT (Deepwater Container Terminal) located in Gdańsk Bay. Here we handle energy resources such as liquid fuels, coal and LPG. Thanks to dynamic development of this part of the port (such as the construction of general cargo terminal, foundation of PERN Petroleum Terminal, extension of DCT) we are still seeking new directions for spatial development of the port. The construction of the Central Port is planned for the next few years. This project involves development works concerning a body of water which spans over 410 ha.
The Port of Gdańsk handles seven different cargo groups. These are: general cargo, coal, liquid fuels, other bulk cargo, cereals, timber and ores. General cargo includes container cargo and ro-ro, as well as passenger ferry and cruise traffic. Below we present the detailed specifications for each group.
General cargo is stored in the Inner Port within quays: Oliwskie, Wiślane, Szczecińskie, Przemysłowe, Obrońców Westerplatte, as well as within the quays of the Duty Free Zone, where you will also find a modern base for citrus handling purposes. These universal quays also serve for handling operations involving goods on pallets, in bags (including big bags), as well as heavy and oversized items, metallurgical products and hazardous goods.
It is also possible to arrange veterinary border controls for products of animal origin according to the standards of the European Union. The Inspection Centres of the Border Veterinary Inspectorate are located in the DCT for the Outer Port and near Szczecińskie Quay.
General cargo (containers)
We handle containers at Szczecińskie Quay in the Inner Port and at the DCT in the Outer Port.
The DCT handles both feeder lines (road traffic) and oceanic lines, accommodating the largest container vessels entering the Baltic – Postpanamax type ships. Szczecińskie Quay specialises in handling feeder line containers.
Szczecińskie Quay and the DCT offer integrated and depot-holding services: all types of container shipping and handling operations, container stuffing and de-stuffing, repair and washing, as well as refrigerated container stands.
General cargo (RO-RO)
Ro-ro vessels equipped with suitable loading ramps are handled in the Duty Free Zone, at the Westerplatte Ferry Terminal and at the DCT.
The Duty Free Zone is close to the Inner Port entrance. Cars from manufacturers from the Far East and Europe are handled at the Duty Free Zone. Imported goods can be stored at the Duty Free Zone without customs guarantees, quotas, duty and tax, for an unlimited period. It is also possible to move and clear cargoes in batches. The records of goods entering and leaving the Duty Free Zone are maintained using an IT system.
Located on the eastern side of the Channel Port, the Westerplatte Ferry Terminal (TPW) is equipped with ro-ro ramps: fixed and floating, as well as storage and manoeuvring yards.
Coal is handled at the Outer Port, within the Dry Bulk Cargo Terminal and via the Inner Port from the quays of the Górniczy Basin: Węglowe and Rudowe, as well as Wiślane Quay.
The dry bulk cargo terminal consists of an export terminal located at Węglowy Pier and an import terminal at Rudowy Pier, both connected by a system of belt conveyors. The fully automated export terminal can handle coal directly from freight cars to ships or indirectly via storage yards. The import terminal can accommodate Capesize ships (carrying capacity of above 150,000 DWT) and ensures high levels of cargo handling performance.
The Outer Port has two modern terminals for handling liquid fuels such as LPG. Heating and base oils are handled at Obronców Poczty Polskiej Quay, within the Inner Port.
The fully automated Liquid Fuel Base is able to accommodate the largest ships that can enter the Baltic Sea. It has five stations which are designed for handling oil and oil-based products, as well as heating oil and diesel fuel. They are located in enclosed basins equipped with spill containment barriers and a fire protection system. Handling operations are carried out in an environmentally safe, closed-loop system. Fuel is transported by both routes, including to refineries and plants in Poland and in eastern Germany, through the PERN network of pipelines and handling bases and the LOTOS SA. refineries. The handling capacity of these terminals guarantees energy security for Poland.
The Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) Terminal is designed to receive, store, partially mix and distribute liquefied propane-butane gas via rail and road tankers. It is equipped with backfilled tanks, auxiliary pumps for unloading operations, a gas heating system, a gas transport system to storage tanks, pumps for transporting gas from tanks to the loading stations, a gas mixing system and much more.
Other bulk cargo
We offer a wide range of cargo handling options that require specialised shipping and storage technologies.
We have phosphorite handling facilities located at Chemików Quay, which together with the neighbouring Przemysłowe Quay forms an ideal location for handling different cargo types, such as fertilisers, liquid chemical products, minerals and molasses. The base is equipped with gantry cranes, direct pipelines and conveyor belt transport systems.
At the Obrońców Poczty Polskiej Quay there is a terminal for handling sulphur. Apart from that, other bulk goods are handled here, such as fertilisers used in agriculture or aggregates of varied fractions used in motorway construction.
At the quays: Zbożowe and Oliwskie have grain elevators for handling meal, rye, soy, corn, oat, rapeseed, broad beans, wheat and barley.
There is a malt processing plant at Bytomskie Quay, where barley and malt are handled. Also located there is Gdańsk Bulk Terminal (GBT), which provides its clients with a full range of shipping services for cereals, oilmeals and other dry bulk goods.
The quays of Górniczy Basin (Rudowe, Węglowe and Administracyjne) are particularly versatile. Apart from coal and general cargo operations, they are also used for handling aggregates, iron ore, fertilisers and scrap metal.
The Port of Gdańsk is not only about shipping terminals, but also the handling of ferries and other passenger ships. Regular passenger and car travel to and from Sweden are made from the passenger and cargo ferry terminal located at Obrońców Westerplatte Quay. Two Polferries serve the Gdańsk – Nynäshamn line (60 km from Stockholm). These are the M/F Wawel and M/F Nowa Star. They belong to the Polish Baltic Shipping Company, a ferry operator under the POLFERRIES brand.
Westerplatte Ferry Terminal (TPW) is located on a historic peninsula, 15 minutes from the centre of Gdańsk. It is also connected to the national and international road networks. It features berths equipped with a ro-ro ramp, a passenger station with administrative and office facilities, customs and passport clearance points, a transport area for foot passengers, and custos and border service points for motor vehicles.
Cruise ships are berthed at Obrońców Westerplatte Quay (vessels up to 240 m long) and at WOC II (vessels up to 130 m long). Passenger (cruise) traffic is handled during the spring-summer season, usually between April and the end of September. Passenger handling after disembarking is provided by Gdańsk Tourism Organisation, which offers TAXI services and tour operators providing transport to and from the port.
Facts & Figures
Since 2011 we have been gradually increasing the tonnage of shipped goods. In 2019 the Port of Gdańsk achieved a record volume of shipments – over 52 million tonnes. Detailed statistics for each year are presented below.read more