Port of Gdansk
Source: "The Parliament Magazine" no. 133, 11th of February, 2002 - bi-monthly magazine of the European Parliament. "The Parliament Magazine" is received by the leaders and senior officials of EU countries, six first wave enlargement states (including Poland) and the G8 countries.
The Port of Gdansk is the largest Polish port, located at the mouth of the Vistula River. The port is composed of two ports.
The universal Inner Port, with a maximum draft of 10.2m, comprises general cargo, container and ro/ro berths, a ferry terminal and the Port Free Zone, as well as specialist terminals for handling various bulk cargoes. Development projects aimed at revitalizing this part of the port consist of the addition of short sea, ro/ro and passenger functions to the existing wharves, and the extension of the Port Free Zone.
The Northern Port, with a maximum draft of 15m and a separate approach channel 17m in depth, is a modern bulk port offering high-throughput facilities for crude oil and oil products, coal and LPG. It is also here that land reserves are located, allowing the port authority to plan and carry out investment projects for new terminals, including bulk cargo facilities (Grain and Fodder Terminal, Liquid Chemical Product Terminal), as well as the Deepsea Container Terminal and the Pomeranian Logistics Center.
Hinterland infrastructure links are also being upgraded. The Port of Gdansk has a new four-lane road suspension bridge across the Martwa Wisla river. Further transportation infrastructure projects will include a tunnel under the Inner Port fairway, a new rail bridge and a link to the future North-South A-1 Highway within Trans-European Corridor VI.
The Port of Gdansk is also well prepared for new challenges related to Poland's accession to the EU. Its landlord management structure favors free access to the market of port services. All port operations are performed by separate companies, with the port authority still having a shareholding interest in only one cargo-handling company, the complete privatization of which has begun.
The port's administrator (Port of Gdansk Authority SA) has proven on a number of occasions that it supports both intra- and inter-port competition. The former was evidenced by the signing of a land lease contract for the new Liquid Chemical Product Terminal, and the latter by the establishment of the Gdansk Container Terminal, which broke the monopoly for container handling in Poland and boosted seaborne container volumes at all Polish ports.
It is for these reasons that the Port of Gdansk is looking boldly ahead to a new enlarged Europe, where it intends to take advantage of the increased foreign trade exchange as well as its location within one of the principal TEN-T corridors.